Pollination in the Fynbos

Pollination in the Fynbos

Insects, birds and mammals are crucial pollinators of fynbos plants! Recent studies have shown that these plants will go to extreme lengths to attract the attention of pollinators and this is particularly apparent amongst the geophytes that bloom just after fire when pollinators are particularly scarce.

It has been found that around 430 fynbos plant species are pollinated by birds and of these about 100 belong to the genus Erica and 79 to the family Proteaceae. The main bird pollinating species are the Cape Sugarbird and several of the sunbird species with the sugarbirds visiting as many as 300 protea flower heads every day during autumn and winter. In the Ericas, the tubular flowers of some species have strongly curved flowers that match the specific bill shape of the Orange-Breasted Sunbirds.

Insects are also major pollinators of the Fynbos and as much as 80 per cent of all Erica species are pollinated by a variety of insect species, with beetles, flies, bees, moths and butterflies being the main pollinators. As an example of the divergence of pollination, bees will pollinate the short urn-shaped Ericaโ€™s while long-proboscid flies are important pollinators of the long tubular flowered Ericas. Protea flower heads on the other hand, will often contain hundreds of insects of many different species all attempting to pollinate the flower heads.

This amazing diversity and competition to attract pollinators to flowering plants has been one of the driving forces of the evolution of the great diversity to be found within the Fynbos.

Peter Chadwick

As a dedicated conservationist and wildlife & conservation photographer, Peter Chadwick has over 25 years of experience in terrestrial and marine protected area management. He is the founder of African Conservation Photography and has worked throughout southern Africa in some of its most special wild places, including the Kalagadi Desert, Kruger National Park, Drakensberg Mountains, the sub-antarctic Prince Edward Islands and De Hoop Nature Reserve and Marine Protected Area. This has instilled in him a deep passion for Africa, its wild places and its peoples.

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